Assessing Media Platformization in Small Nations: A Rights-Based Approach

Minna Horowitz
Hannu Nieminen
Esa Sirkkunen


The rise of the internet and the subsequent global reach of digital platforms has provided entirely new participatory opportunities for citizens and created new types of content and services in both national and global media landscapes. At the same time, we have witnessed serious new challenges to individuals, organizations, and society, including political polarization, rampant and viral mis- and disinformation, diminishing trust in knowledge institutions, and the like. In this article, we introduce a citizen-centric model of four communication rights as a normative-evaluative framework for assessing the impact of this so-called platformization as it pertains to small nations, with the case of Finland as an empirical illustration.

Keywords: platformization, communication rights, Finland.